Sexual intercourse can bring some inconvenience that women do not know how to handle them, especially if they are not normal. One of these inconveniences is the bleeding that can occur after sexual intercourse has been consumed. If the woman is not menstruating, then this bleeding becomes an alarming phenomenon. Because this bleeding is not natural, it is urgent to visit a specialist who can determine the cause and prescribe appropriate treatment. Consultation is very important, especially as many of the medical conditions that cause bleeding may worsen.
In some cases, after the act of sexual intercourse, the partner could bleed. Bleeding is not natural and requires a visit to the gynecologist’s office to determine the causes and recommend appropriate treatment. It is important not to postpone the medical consultation because untreated, many medical conditions that cause bleeding may worsen.
In a large study, specialists found that the incidence of haemorrhages in females after sexual intercourse was 5-6%. Of this, 5-32% suffered from HIV and 3% of pelvic prolapse.
Causes of vaginal bleeding
As far as the causes of these bleeding are concerned, they are as serious as possible and should not be treated superficially or overlooked. In a study by specialists, it was found that the risk of bleeding after sexual intercourse in females is 5-6%.
Generally, infections can be a serious cause for a woman to bleed after sex. For example, a localized infection in the cervix can cause it to become sensitized, so it can bleed easily, even during intercourse. Also, gonorrhoea and chlamydia may cause this bleeding.
Doctors who have studied the phenomenon have found that responsible for bleeding episodes after intercourse is chlamydia infection. Such infections can also be transferred to the lining of the uterus, so bleeding is triggered much easier after intimate contact. If the woman uses hormonal contraceptives, the risks are much higher.
One of the most serious causes of bleeding after sex is cervical dysplasia. This is manifested by the appearance of diseased cells at the surface of the cervix. If left untreated, dysplasia can develop very easily in cervical cancer.
People who have had sexual intercourse with multiple partners who started their sexual life before 18 years of age or who had been born before 16 years of age are at an increased risk of developing this condition. Women using various hormonal contraceptives may experience weaker bleeding or significant amounts of bleeding.
These are side effects that occur frequently after using these contraceptives, precisely because the uterine lining is thinner. Women experiencing postmenopausal hormone therapy may have the same problems. On the opposite side, thickening of the uterine lining occurs due to several hormonal conditions, such as obesity, hypothyroidism or polycystic ovary syndrome.
Irregular menstruation is a clear sign of thickened uterine lining. In this case, light bleeds that occur after sexual intercourse signify small parts of this mucosa. Some precancerous abnormal cells may form, especially if the uterine cavity is too thick.
Specialist advice is recommended for the doctor to determine if an endometrial biopsy is required.
From bleeding after sex may also suffer from postmenopausal women who do not receive hormonal therapies. After sexual intercourse, vaginal tissues are thinner and cause bleeding, pain, or a vaginal dryness.
Another cause of bleeding after sex is the fragility of cervical tissues. Some women face an extension of normal, fragile, glandular tissue, which causes them to hemorrhage even after they have been harvested secretions for the Pap test.
Most often, this fragility depends on several factors, such as age, pregnancy, or the use of contraceptive pills. Polymers that are located in the cervical area may bleed, especially when the cervix is touched. This happens most often during sexual intercourse.
Cervical polyps can be easily observed during a medical examination, so their treatment can be done in such a way that complications do not develop. Also, endometrial polyps or uterine fibroids can create sensitivity and instability in the uterine lining. Irregularities can be observed with an ultrasound.
– Infections – cervical infection located in the cervix may sensitize it and it will bleed more easily during or after sexual intercourse. Both gonorrhea and chlamydia can cause bleeding in the cervix. Specialists say that chlamydia can be the basis for hemorrhagic episodes after sexual intercourse.
The same infections affecting the uterine cervix may extend to the lining of the uterus, and generally under these circumstances, bleeding is triggered more easily after intimate contact (risks increase, especially if the woman uses hormonal contraceptives).
– The fragility of cervical tissues – in some women there is an extension of the normal, fragile glandular (cervical ectopic) test of the cervix. These women may have bleeding even after cervical secretion harvesting for papaya. Factors that cause the most common cervical ectopic include: age, contraceptive pill use or pregnancy. Studies have found that cervical ectopic was present in a fairly high proportion of women who bleed after sexual intercourse (between 25-33.6%).
– Polipies – A polyp located in the cervical area can only bleed when the cervix is touched. This can happen during the use of sex toys, finger touching or sexual intercourse. Situations in which polyps bleed after sexual intercourse accounted for 12.5% of the total number of cases. Fortunately, most cervical polyps of this type can be seen during a speculum exam.
– Endometrial polyps or uterine fibroids – can sensitize and create instability of the uterine lining. These polyps can be best viewed with a hysterosalpingogram with a saline solution. At normal ultrasound, only irregularities and thickening of the uterine lining can be observed in the area where the polyps are. However, important fibroids can be easily visualized by an ultrasound.
– Hormonal changes – Anyone using various hormonal contraceptives (from the pill to the contraceptive ring) may suffer lower or significant bleeding bleeds – these are fairly common side effects as a consequence of the thin uterine mucosa. Women who undergo postmenopausal hormone therapy may experience the same problems as those using hormonal contraceptive methods. In female, young women who do not use birth control pills to suppress ovulation, mid-cycle blood smears may indicate the presence of ovulation.
These symptoms include short ovaries and increased estrogen levels, meaning that the ovum has been released. There are several hormonal conditions that can cause thickening of the lining of the uterus (polycystic ovary syndrome, hypothyroidism, obesity, perimenopause, etc.).
If a woman does not have regular menstruation, her uterine lining may be thickened. In this situation, mild haemorrhages after sexual intercourse may represent small amounts of this mucosa. When this uterine envelope (endometrium) is too thick, it can be an optimal framework for the formation of precancerous abnormal cells.
Therefore, if the doctor considers it necessary, an endometrial biopsy will be performed. – Postmenopausal women who do not use any form of estrogen may have bleeding after sexual intercourse due to thinning of vaginal tissues (atrophic vaginosis), which can be traumatized during sexual intercourse even when using lubricants. Pain in sexual contact, bleeding and the feeling of vaginal dryness are specific manifestations in this case.
Treatment for bleeding after sex
As is to be expected, a specialist may help you to know exactly what causes these bleeding and what you need to do to stop them. If you are experiencing severe bleeding and severe pain, the first push is to take a medicine based on ibuprofen or acetaminophen. In fact, you must go to the gynecologist’s emergency department to give him the symptoms. It will ask you some questions about menstruation, their frequency and the amount of blood you eliminate, or if you notice abnormal bleeding after sexual intercourse.
After this stage, the doctor may consider it necessary to carry out controls, so she will examine the cervix and make sure that there are no sexually transmitted infections such as gonorrhea or chlamydia. If development of one of these is observed, then you will be prescribed an appropriate treatment plan to stop the bleeding and eliminate the infection from the body.
Using condoms can help you avoid contracting other infections of this type, but also the bleeding that may occur. In some cases, the problem can be solved by itself. If the reason for bleeding is the presence of a cervical polyp or normal hormonal changes, then there are no specific solutions to stop it.
If you experience such a situation that seems unusual or worrying about you, it is extremely important to have a doctor visit to discuss and make a set of analyzes. This is the first step in obtaining a treatment plan, especially if the bleeding source is of benign nature.